Series 3 - Plant Series

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Plant Series

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Reference code

CA MUA MG 4109-3

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Physical description area

Physical description

40 cm of photographs

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(established 1909)

Administrative history

The Canada Cement Company was incorporated in 1909 by Max Aitken (Lord Beaverbrook), who merged eleven cement companies in Quebec, Ontario and Alberta. For most of the period documented by this photographic collection, it was the largest cement company in Canada headquartered in Montreal. Using the Portland system of cement production, the Company expanded quickly until the Depression. Recovering in the late 1940s, the Company enlarged and modernized its Montreal East Plant, Plant No. 1 located in Pointe-aux-Trembles. By 1954 this plant with its heavily-bedded argillaceous limestone quarry was producing 30 percent of Canadian cement. The Company maintained other plants in Hull, Quebec; Port Colborne and Belleville, Ontario; Fort Whyte, Manitoba; and Exshaw, Alberta, as well as other various operations. In the later years, the Company became Canada Cement Lafarge and is now part of an international cement enterprise.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Many of these photographs depict structures and activities at the Montreal East Plant, ca. 1910-1940. Quarrying, loading docks, interiors and exteriors of buildings, trucks, and machinery are included. Many of the photographs depict industrial and harbour scenes in East Montreal. Other photographs, including an album by the Rice studio, depict the construction of the head office on Phillips Square, ca. 1920. There are also about 30 photos of the construction of Camp Borden in 1916. (Canada Cement Lafarge has retained for possible publicity uses photos of its other Canadian plants.)

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