Collection MSG 404 - Henry S. Chapman Collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Henry S. Chapman Collection

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the creator of the collection.

Level of description

Collection

Reference code

CA RBD MSG 404

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1833-1853 (Creation)
    Creator
    Chapman, Henry Samuel, 1803-1881

Physical description area

Physical description

8 cm of photostats

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1803-1881)

Biographical history

Henry Samuel Chapman was born on July 21, 1803, in Kennington, London, England. He was an Australian and New Zealand judge, colonial secretary, attorney-general, journalist, and politician. After attending schools in Bromley and London, he emigrated to Quebec, Canada, in 1823. Following ten years of reasonable success in business, he turned to journalism. In 1833, he co-founded the radical Montreal Daily Advertiser, the first daily paper published in Canada. Chapman returned to England in 1835 as a salaried intermediary between the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada and its friends in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. He studied law in the late 1830s and was admitted to the bar of the Middle Temple in 1840. The same year he began publishing the New Zealand Journal. In 1843, he sailed to New Zealand where he held the position of judge of the supreme court for the southern district (1843-1852). In 1857, he was named Attorney-General and retained this office until 1859. In 1860, Chapman was a lecturer in law at the University of Melbourne. In 1864, he was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of New Zealand, at Dunedin. He retired in 1875 taking up commerce and sheep farming in Central Otago. In 1840, he married Catherine (Kate) Delancey Brewer (1810–1866). In 1866, she and two of his six sons and his only daughter drowned when the passenger ship SS London was wrecked in the Bay of Biscay. In 1868, he remarried Selina Frances Chapman (1823-1902). He died on December 27, 1881, in Dunedin, New Zealand.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Consists of copies of original material, chiefly correspondence, 1835-1853, with Louis-Joseph Papineau, Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine, Jacob Dewitt, Larocque, Joseph Perreault, and Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan. There is also a manuscript on Canadian history (missing four pages), and pages from a scrapbook, approximately 1833-1839.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Received in 1914 from Judge Chapman, Wellington, New Zealand, through the offices of Arthur George Doughty, Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa

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Language of material

  • English

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General note

Information on the source of immediate acquisition from the Minutes of the Library Committee, 12 October 1914, page 90.

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