Title and statement of responsibility area
Archibald Chaussegros de Léry Macdonald Collection
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- Source of title proper: Title based on creator of the collection.
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Dates of creation area
- Macdonald, Archibald Chaussegros de Léry, 1862-1939
Physical description area
95 cm of textual records
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Archibald Chaussegros de Léry Macdonald, was the son of Antoine-Eustache Lefebvre de Bellefeuille MacDonald and Marie-Louise de Lotbinière Harwood. He was born in Montreal on 28 June 1862. A Montreal lawyer, business, historian, and collector, he became well known for his historical and genealogical publications. He received a classical education at the Collège Sainte-Marie before studying law at the Université Laval de Montréal. He married Marie-Louise-Dumontine-Augusta Globensky on 24 September 1884. The couple had five children. Macdonald was for some years the law partner of W. D. Lighthall. He acquired the rights to the Seigneurie of Rigaud in 1897. He also served as mayor of Rigaud from 1901 to 1904, and from 1910 et 1913. He died 21 May 1939 at the Hôpital Notre-Dame de Montréal.
Collected by Archibald Chaussegros de Léry Macdonald from various sources over many years; this is described in his letter of June the 9th, 1922, to Dr. Gerhard Lomer, University Librarian. He recovered much of the material from attics and storage cupboards of family members and from people whom he visited. Acquired by the library from Archibald Chaussegros de Léry Macdonald in 1922.
Scope and content
The collection contains business and family correspondence, land grants, financial and judicial records, etc. of the seigneurial families Chartier de Lotbinière, Rigaud de Vaudreuil, Lefebvre de Bellefeuille, Lemoyne de Longueuil, Lambert Dumont, Chaussegros de Léry, Hertel, Harwood, and of allied families. Much of the material concerns the Seigneurie de Vaudreuil. Other material include correspondence (1809-1821) with Joseph Bouchette; extracts from the registers (1667, 1732) of the Conseil Souverain and the Conseil Superieur; and documents concerning Newton Township, the Seigneurie des Mille-Iles.
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Primarily French with some English.
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A complete inventory with a name index and genealogical tables is available.
Fonds Famille MacDonald, P30, Centre d'histoire La Presqu'île, contains records documenting the life of Archibald Chaussegros de Léry MacDonald and some of his genealogical research.
The seigneuries were the principal form of land distribution in New France, and continued in existence after the Province was ceded to Great Britain in 1763. The system was abolished in 1854, but payments of various kinds were still being collected in the twentieth-century. It was based on the feudal system in which the tenants were personally dependent on the seigneur. There were some 220 seigneuries created, usually about 5 x 15 km in size. They were generally river lots with the 5 km facing the St. Lawrence River. In all, they comprised some 36,500 square kilometers, virtually the entire inhabited area of the Province of Quebec.