Item 674 - Twite

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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Twite

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Parallel title

Twite

Other title information

Linaria flavirostris

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Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Caption title.
  • Parallel titles and other title information: Title from Mousley: Acanthis linaria

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Item

Reference code

CA RBD MSG BW002-674

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  • undated (Creation)
    Creator
    Paillou, Peter, approximately 1720-approximately 1790

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Physical description

1 watercolour painting ; 56 x 39 cm + 1 leaf

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Name of creator

(approximately 1720-approximately 1790)

Biographical history

Peter Paillou was born in London into a Huguenot family and was recognised in his own time as an eminent ‘bird painter’. In 1744 he began to paint for Taylor White and worked for him for almost thirty years, painting chiefly birds and mammals. He painted as well for Robert More, Joseph Banks, and for the Welsh naturalist Thomas Pennant. Many of his paintings of birds were used as the basis for book illustrations, often engraved by his colleague and fellow Huguenot, Peter Mazell. Paillou was elected to the Society of Artists and in 1763 he exhibited ‘A Piece of Birds, in Watercolours; the Hen of the Wood and Cock of the Red Game’. In 1778, to considerable approval, he also showed a picture of ‘A Horned Owl from Peru’, completely made from feathers.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Drawing of a pair of Twites from 18th century specimens [modern geographical distribution: Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia.] Attributed to Peter Paillou.

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General note

Manuscript note on front of drawing: Twite (Acanthis linaria)

General note

Manuscript note on back of drawing: The Mountain Linnet with a red rump

General note

Scientific name: Linaria flavirostris

Accompanying material

With manuscript text on accompanying leaf.

Accompanying material

Transcription of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Aves Passeres Fringilla
Linaria Montana
uropio [uropigio] Rubro.
The Mountain Linnet
Will. orn. p. 261.
This was found by Mr Jessop according to
Willoughby in the Peak of Derby shire, it is
twice as big as the lesser red headed Linnet
The colour of its head & Back is the same
with that of the comon Linnet, for the middle of
both are black. but the outsides or edges of
those on the Back red or the head cinereous
The middle parts of the Feathers on the throat
& breast are also black but the edges whitish
only the rump is of a fine scarlet or orange
tawny colour. the edges of the middle & quil feathers
The tail is 2 inches long are white as

are also the tips of those of the 2d row.
The tail is 2 inches 1/2 long consisting of 12
feathers of which the 2 middle are all over
Brown or of a Dusky colour, of the rest
as well the outer as inner edges are white
These white edges in the outmost part of
feathers are Broader than in the rest.
its Bill is like of the lesser red headed
linnet. viz less for the proportion of
its body then the comon Linnet.
The whole Bird from Bill to tail was
6 inches & 1/2 long. to the claws 5 & 1/2
The bird I had was shot in Shropshire
Fringilla
montana corpore fusco nigroq[ue]
cauda forsicata [forficata]. uropigio rubra

Accompanying material

Translation of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Aves Passeres Fringilla
Linaria Montana
with a red rump.
The Mountain Linnet
Will. orn. p. 261.
This was found by Mr Jessop according to
Willoughby in the Peak of Derby shire, it is
twice as big as the lesser red headed Linnet
The colour of its head & Back is the same
with that of the comon Linnet, for the middle of
both are black. but the outsides or edges of
those on the Back red or the head cinereous
The middle parts of the Feathers on the throat
& breast are also black but the edges whitish
only the rump is of a fine scarlet or orange
tawny colour. the edges of the middle & quil feathers
are white as

are also the tips of those of the 2d row.
The tail is 2 inches 1/2 long consisting of 12
feathers of which the 2 middle are all over
Brown or of a Dusky colour, of the rest
as well the outer as inner edges are white
These white edges in the outmost part of
feathers are Broader than in the rest.
its Bill is like of the lesser red headed
linnet. viz less for the proportion of
its body then the comon Linnet.
The whole Bird from Bill to tail was
6 inches & 1/2 long. to the claws 5 & 1/2
The bird I had was shot in Shropshire
Fringilla
montana with a tawny and black body,
a scissored tail, and a red rump.

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Volume number

Birds Volume 11, Painting 19

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  • Volume: Birds v.11 (of 16)