Item 715 - Pratincole

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Parallel title

Collared Pratincol

Other title information

Glareola pratincola

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  • Source of title proper: Caption title.
  • Parallel titles and other title information: Title from Mousley: Glareola pratincola

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Reference code

CA RBD MSG BW002-715

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Dates of creation area


  • undated (Creation)
    Paillou, Peter, approximately 1720-approximately 1790

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Physical description

1 watercolour painting ; 56 x 39 cm + 1 leaf

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Name of creator

(approximately 1720-approximately 1790)

Biographical history

Peter Paillou was born in London into a Huguenot family and was recognised in his own time as an eminent ‘bird painter’. In 1744 he began to paint for Taylor White and worked for him for almost thirty years, painting chiefly birds and mammals. He painted as well for Robert More, Joseph Banks, and for the Welsh naturalist Thomas Pennant. Many of his paintings of birds were used as the basis for book illustrations, often engraved by his colleague and fellow Huguenot, Peter Mazell. Paillou was elected to the Society of Artists and in 1763 he exhibited ‘A Piece of Birds, in Watercolours; the Hen of the Wood and Cock of the Red Game’. In 1778, to considerable approval, he also showed a picture of ‘A Horned Owl from Peru’, completely made from feathers.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Drawing of a pair of Collared Pratincoles from 18th century specimens [modern geographical distribution: mostly southern Europe (may be found in the United Kingdom and the coast of the North Sea), the Middle East; migrates to Africa and some are found in Asia.] Attributed to Peter Paillou (1704-1798).

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General note

Manuscript note on front of drawing: Pratincole (Glareola pratincola)

General note

Manuscript note on back of drawing: Hirundo pratensis

Accompanying material

With manuscript text on accompanying leaf.

Accompanying material

Transcription of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Aves Passeres Hirundo
12. Praticola.
Hirundo femoribus seminudis L.S.N.
lust ed it p. 345
habitat at litora Europae austrialioris [australioris]
In Austria Pratis Apricis.
Media quasi inter Hirundes & Grallas.
Corpus supra bruneum, subtus album
magnitudine Turdi, Gulam dilute testaceum
cingit linea nigra per occulos ad aures
ducta. Remiges fuscae longae.
Cauda fusca, longa maxime forsicata [forficata]
Rostrum nigrum basi coccineum
pedes plumbei [Kram aut Linguinei
The Meadow Swallow

Accompanying material

Translation of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Aves Passeres Hirundo
12. Praticola.
Hirundo with semi-bare thighs L.S.N.
lust ed it p. 345
It lives at the seaside in Southern Europe
and in sunny meadows in Austria.
It is of moderate size almost between hirundes [sparrows] and grallae.
The body is brown on top, and white underneath;
it is the size of the Turdi [thrush]; the throat is a pale brick-colour
and ringed with a black line running through the eyes to the ears.
The flight feathers on the wings are long and tawny.
The tail is tawny, very long, and scissored.
The beak is black and scarlet at the base,
and the feet are lead-coloured. [Kram aut Linguinei
The Meadow Swallow

Alternative identifier(s)

Volume number

Birds Volume 12, Painting 9

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  • Volume: Birds v.12 (of 16)