File 3 - North West Agreement in 1804

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North West Agreement in 1804

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CA RBD MSG 1247-3

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  • 1812 (Creation)
    Creator
    North West Company

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1 cm of textual records in 1 bound volume.

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(1773-1821)

Administrative history

The North West Company was a fur-trading organization formed over the course of the first decades following the British conquest of Canada. It was not a chartered company like the Hudson's Bay Company, but a syndicate of a number of individual fur-trading firms. Later, however, it came to be dominated by the Montréal partnership of McTavish, Frobisher and Co. (later McTavish, McGillivrays and Co.). Although there are references to a North West Company as early as 1776, the first documented union of interests was a 16-share concern formed in 1779. However, a new agreement drafted in 1783 is commonly considered to have inaugurated the Company. The expansion of the North West Company's trade was rapid: in the person of Alexander Mackenzie, it reached to the Arctic Ocean in 1789 and to the Pacific in 1793. After 1812, the Company faced intense competition from the Earl of Selkirk, who had acquired a controlling interest in the Hudson's Bay Company. Although the North West Company defeated Selkirk in the courts, its financial position had deteriorated by 1820, and in 1821 it was absorbed by the Hudson's Bay Company.

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File contains 1 bound document which is a 1812 recreation of the 1804 North West Company agreement setting out the articles of association and all the signatories (pp. 1-22). Included is also the 1795 agreement of the North West Company including articles and signatories (pp. 24-49).

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CH169.S151

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