Item 007 - Mandrill

Open original Digital object

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Mandrillus sphinx

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on 2019 species identification.

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Reference code

CA RBD MSG BW002-007

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  • undated (Creation)
    Paillou, Peter, approximately 1720-approximately 1790

Physical description area

Physical description

1 watercolour painting ; 56 x 39 cm

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Name of creator

(approximately 1720-approximately 1790)

Biographical history

Peter Paillou was born in London into a Huguenot family and was recognised in his own time as an eminent ‘bird painter’. In 1744 he began to paint for Taylor White and worked for him for almost thirty years, painting chiefly birds and mammals. He painted as well for Robert More, Joseph Banks, and for the Welsh naturalist Thomas Pennant. Many of his paintings of birds were used as the basis for book illustrations, often engraved by his colleague and fellow Huguenot, Peter Mazell. Paillou was elected to the Society of Artists and in 1763 he exhibited ‘A Piece of Birds, in Watercolours; the Hen of the Wood and Cock of the Red Game’. In 1778, to considerable approval, he also showed a picture of ‘A Horned Owl from Peru’, completely made from feathers.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Drawing of a Mandrill from a 18th century specimen [modern geographical distribution: West Africa.] Attributed to Peter Paillou.

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General note

Scientific name: Mandrillus sphinx

Accompanying material

Transcription of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Mam[m]alia Primates Simia
Simia (semi caudata) Barbatta cauda brevissima capite coloris aurantia
dilute. Barba Aurantia acuta. facie nigra sulcata
ore vibrisato Corpore nigrante Pectore Albo. auribus
acuminatis nigracentibus [nigrascentibus]. femoribus fuscis. "Mammalia Primates Simia Papiones
Papio cauda abbreviata. Capite Ferrugea [ferruginea] flavas- [flaves]
cente sive dilute croceo. Barba accuta Aurantia crocea. Facie oblonga
nigra Genis sulcatis ore vibrisato auribus
erectis nigriscentibus Pectore abido [albido] corpore fusco
nigrascente unguibus planis et rotundis."

Accompanying material

Translation of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Mammalia Primates Simia
The bearded simia with a very short tail and a pale orange-coloured head; a pointed orange beard, a black furrowed face,
whiskered mouth, black body, white chest, black pointed ears,
and tawny thighs." Mammalia Primates Simia Papiones
Barbatus [The bearded...]
Papio with a shortened tail, reddish-brown golden-yellow
or pale saffron-yellow head; a short saffron-yellow beard, a black oblong face, furrowed cheeks, whiskered mouth,
black erect ears, a white chest, tawny and black body,
and flat round nails.

Alternative identifier(s)

Volume number

Mammals Volume 1, Painting 7

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Physical storage

  • Volume: Mammals v.1 (of 6)