Mackenzie, Alexander, 1764-1820

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Mackenzie, Alexander, 1764-1820

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Scottish explorer Mackenzie is best known for his east-west overland crossing of Canada to the Pacific 1793. He was born in Stornoway in the Scottish Outer Hebrides. He sailed for North America in 1774. By 1779, he was worked as an apprentice for Finlay, Gregory & Co, which later merged with the North West company in 1787. He traveled to Athabasca in 1788, leaving on an expedition to try find a northwest passage to the Pacific, reaching the Arctic Ocean. The river Mackenzie that he traveled in now named after him. His second significant expedition in 1792 took him across Canada to the Pacific, using recent advancements in the study of longitude that he had learned in London. In 1812, Mackenzie returned to Scotland and married Geddes Mackenzie.


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