Collection MSG 1244 - James Stanley Goddard Papers

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James Stanley Goddard Papers

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  • 1767, after 1805? (Creation)
    Goddard, James Stanley, -1795

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7 leaves ; 34 cm

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Biographical history

James Stanley Goddard (died 1795) was a fur trader established at least by 1761 at Michilimackinac in the Green Bay area of what is now Wisconsin. He was considered to have significant influence with First Nations communities around Lake Michigan. In 1766 Goddard along with Captain James Tute were dispatched by Robert Rogers (1731-1795), the colonial frontiersman, on an expedition that was to parallel to that of Jonathan Carver who had been contracted by Rogers to lead an expedition to find a western water route to the Pacific Ocean, the Northwest Passage. In 1775, Goddard with Charles Langlade (1729-1801), the French fur trader, led a force of First Nations soldiers to the relief of Montreal then held by the rebel Americans. Goddard and his troops arrived at Montreal after the American rebels had retreated.

Custodial history

From the Snasdell Collection(?). With a typed copy provided by W.D. Lighthall in 1924.

Scope and content

The collection consists chiefly of a document written by Stanley Goddard detailing a 1766-1767 voyage by canoe from Michilimackinac up Lake Superior to the Mississippi. There is a docket title given on verso: "Copy of Mr. Goddard's Journal - 29th August 1767." These pages, ostensibly copied from Goddard's daily journal in his capacity as secretary to the detachment, describe a voyage under the command of Captain James Tute, with Goddard as second and secretary.

Appended to the journal pages there is a document entitled, "Return of such Western Indians as are now at this Post” (that is, the post at Michilimackinac). The document may have been created after 1805, because it appears to contain a reference to the Shawnee Prophet (Tenskwatawa, 1775-1836). The page includes a table of demographic information for Indigenous tribes, including numbers of men, women, children, and total population figures. The people enumerated include the Kickapoo (Kiikaapoa or Kiikaapoi); the "Sawkee" (Sauk, Sac, or oθaakiiwaki) and Meskwaki (Meshkwahkihaki); the Wyandot (or Wendat); Shawnees of "the Prophet's Band" and other bands of Shawnees (Shaawanwaki, Ša˙wano˙ki and Shaawanowi lenaweeki); Ottawa and Chippewa (Odaawaa or Odawa and Ojibwe); Muensee (mə́n'si·w); Delaware (or, Lenape); "Moravians" (probably Christian, or Moravian, Munsee); and Seneca-Cayuga (Guyohkohnyo or Gayogohó:no).

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Some cracks along folds have been taped.


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Finding aids

Goddard’s Journal was edited and published by Carolyn Gilman in The Journals of Jonathan Carver and related documents, 1766-1770 / edited by John Parker (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1976), 180-191.

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