Item 213 - Indian Elephant

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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Indian Elephant

General material designation

Parallel title

Asian Elephant

Other title information

Elephas maximus

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Caption title.
  • Parallel titles and other title information: Title from Mousley: Elephas maximus

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Item

Reference code

CA RBD MSG BW002-213

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

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  • undated (Creation)
    Creator
    Paillou, Peter, approximately 1720-approximately 1790

Physical description area

Physical description

1 watercolour painting ; 56 x 39 cm + 1 leaf

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Name of creator

(approximately 1720-approximately 1790)

Biographical history

Peter Paillou was born in London into a Huguenot family and was recognised in his own time as an eminent ‘bird painter’. In 1744 he began to paint for Taylor White and worked for him for almost thirty years, painting chiefly birds and mammals. He painted as well for Robert More, Joseph Banks, and for the Welsh naturalist Thomas Pennant. Many of his paintings of birds were used as the basis for book illustrations, often engraved by his colleague and fellow Huguenot, Peter Mazell. Paillou was elected to the Society of Artists and in 1763 he exhibited ‘A Piece of Birds, in Watercolours; the Hen of the Wood and Cock of the Red Game’. In 1778, to considerable approval, he also showed a picture of ‘A Horned Owl from Peru’, completely made from feathers.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Drawing of an Asian Elephant from a 18th century specimen [modern geographical distribution: Southeast Asia.] Attributed to Peter Paillou.

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General note

Manuscript note on front of drawing: Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus)

General note

General note

Scientific name: Elephas maximus

Accompanying material

With manuscript text on accompanying leaf.

Accompanying material

Transcription of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: II. Bruta
5. Elephas. dentes Primores nulli
Lanarii superiores elongati
Proboscis longissima [longissimus], prehensilis
Corpus nudiusculum.
Maximus 1. Elephas Raii quadr. 123. syst. nat II
Seb: mus. 1. t. III f. 1.
Elephantus. Gesn. quadr. 377. Aldr
quad. l. 1. c. 9. Jonst. quad. 30 t. 78. f. 9
habitat in Zeylonae paludosis ad
amnes, edit Ramos, cocos, guilan

  • dinae semina. Frumentum.

It seems right to place the
Camell kind after the Elephant
& before the Horse

Accompanying material

Translation of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: II. Bruta
5. Elephas. There are no incisors.
The upper canines are elongated.
The trunk is very long and prehensile.
The body is bare.
Maximus 1. Elephas Raii quadr. 123. syst. nat II
Seb: mus. 1. t. III f. 1.
Elephantus. Gesn. quadr. 377. Aldr
quad. 1. 1. c. 9. Jonst. quad. 30 t. 78. f. 9
It lives in Ceylon, in marshy areas near
rivers. It eats branches, coconuts, the
seeds of the Guilandina, and fruit.
It seems right to place the
Camell kind after the Elephant
& before the Horse

Alternative identifier(s)

Volume number

Mammals Volume 5, Painting 58

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  • Volume: Mammals v.5 (of 6)