Archibald, John S., 1872-1934

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Archibald, John S., 1872-1934

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  • Archibald, John Smith, 1872-1934

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John Smith Archibald (1872-1934) received his early architectural training in the office of William Maclntosh in his native town of Inverness, Scotland. In 1893 he emigrated to Canada and found employment at the firm of Edward Maxwell (1867-1923) in Montreal, working as a draughtsman and assistant to Maxwell. Archibald stayed at the firm until 1897 when he formed a partnership with another former Maxwell draughtsman, Charles Jewett Saxe (1870-1943). This partnership continued until 1915 at which time Archibald began to practise alone. He designed a variety of structures including a number of stations and hotels for the Canadian National Railway; he designed several sports buildings including the Montreal Forum, a number of schools, churches, commercial buildings, and hospitals, as well as residential buildings in Montreal and Kingston. Noteworthy among his many projects is the Masonic Memorial Temple in Montreal (1928). Upon his death in 1934, Archibald's practice was continued by his son Ian T. Archibald (1903-71) and Hugh Percival Illsley (b.1896). They were later joined by Francis Orr Templeton (1904-72) to form the firm of Archibald, Illsley and Templeton which practised architecture in Montreal until 1950.

John Smith Archibald (1872-1934) reçut ses premiers rudiments de formation en architecture au cabinet de William MacIntosh, dans sa ville natale d'Inverness (Ecosse). En 1893, il émigre au Canada et trouve de l'emploi dans le cabinet d'Edward Maxwell (1867-1923) à Montréal où il est dessinateur et adjoint de Maxwell. Archibald quitte ce cabinet en 1897 et s'associe à un autre dessinateur de Maxwell, Charles Jewett Saxe (1870-1943), association qui se maintient jusqu'en 1915. Par la suite, Archibald poursuivit sa carrière seul. Archibald a dessiné un grand nombre de structures et notamment des gares et des hôtels pour la société Canadien National; il a également dessiné plusieurs immeubles à vocation sportive dont le Forum de Montréal, bon nombre d'écoles, des églises, des immeubles commerciaux et des hôpitaux, de même que des immeubles résidentiels à Montréal et à Kingston. Signalons, parmi ses multiples projets, le Temple maçonnique de Montréal (1928). À son décès en 1934, le cabinet d'Archibald fut repris par son fils lan T. Archibald (1903-1971) et par Hugh Percival Illsley (né en 1896). Quelque temps plus tard, Francis Orr Templeton (1904-1972) se joignit à eux pour former le cabinet d'Archibald, Illsley et Templeton qui a pratiqué l'architecture à Montréal jusqu'en 1950.


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Saxe & Archibald (1897-1915)

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nr 96008865

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Saxe & Archibald

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Archibald, John S., 1872-1934

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Archibald, Ian Thurston, 1903-1971 (1903-1971)

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Archibald, Ian Thurston, 1903-1971

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Archibald, John S., 1872-1934

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nr 94006747

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