Item 316 - Ani

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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper


General material designation

Parallel title

Smooth-billed Ani

Other title information

Crotophaga ani

Title statements of responsibility

peter paillou Fect october

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Caption title.
  • Parallel titles and other title information: Title from Mousley: Crotophaga ani

Level of description


Reference code

CA RBD MSG BW002-316

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • undated (Creation)
    Paillou, Peter, approximately 1720-approximately 1790

Physical description area

Physical description

1 watercolour painting ; 56 x 39 cm + 1 leaf

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Name of creator

(approximately 1720-approximately 1790)

Biographical history

Peter Paillou was born in London into a Huguenot family and was recognised in his own time as an eminent ‘bird painter’. In 1744 he began to paint for Taylor White and worked for him for almost thirty years, painting chiefly birds and mammals. He painted as well for Robert More, Joseph Banks, and for the Welsh naturalist Thomas Pennant. Many of his paintings of birds were used as the basis for book illustrations, often engraved by his colleague and fellow Huguenot, Peter Mazell. Paillou was elected to the Society of Artists and in 1763 he exhibited ‘A Piece of Birds, in Watercolours; the Hen of the Wood and Cock of the Red Game’. In 1778, to considerable approval, he also showed a picture of ‘A Horned Owl from Peru’, completely made from feathers.

Name of creator


Biographical history

Charles Collins was an Irish painter, known for his portraits of animals and still-lifes. He achieved success in England painting exotic birds, game, dogs and dead game still-lifes. He was the painter for Robert Furber’s ‘Twelve Months of Fruit’ (1732). In 1736 he published in collaboration with John Lee a set of 12 large engravings, coloured by hand, of British birds in landscape and garden settings, entitled Icones avium cum nominibus anglicis. He then came to the attention of Taylor White, who engaged him to paint birds from his and others’ collections until 1743. Collins died in 1744, when he was described as ‘Bird Painter to the Royal Society.’

Custodial history

Scope and content

Drawing of a Smooth-billed Ani from a 18th century specimen [modern geographical distribution: Florida, Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Also attributed to Collins, Charles].

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General note

Manuscript note on front of drawing: Ani (Crotophaga ani) peter paillou Fect october;

General note

Manuscript note on back of drawing: Margravius his Brasilian Ani of kin to Parrots. Will. P. 120. This Bird came from Jamaica.

General note

Scientific name: Crotophaga ani

Accompanying material

With manuscript text on accompanying leaf.

Accompanying material

Transcription of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Crotophaga
Rostrum Compressum semi ovatum
sulco utrinq[ue] exaratum; Mandibula
superiore margine utrinque angulata
Nares perviae.

Crotophagus ater Rostro breviore
compresso acuato cultrato
Linn. S. N. p. 105. 1.
Habitat in America
The Brasilian Ani

Accompanying material

Translation of manuscript note on accompanying leaf: Crotophaga
The beak is a compressed half-egg-shape
furrowed with a groove on both sides; The upper mandible
has an angled edge on either side.
The nares are open.

Crotophagus ater [The black...] with a shorter, dense,
sharp, knife-shaped beak.
Linn. S. N. p. 105. 1.
It lives in America
The Brasilian Ani

Alternative identifier(s)

Volume number

Birds Volume 2, Painting 7

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Physical storage

  • Volume: Birds v.2 (of 16)