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Authority record

Abraham, Orpha Clarke, 1780-1833

  • Person
  • 1780-1833

Orpha Clarke Abraham was the wife of Thomas Abraham. Their son Robert was the first editor of the Montreal Transcript in 1834, and the briefly the owner and editor of the Montreal Gazette.

Abraham, Robert, 1804-1854

  • Person
  • 1804-1854

Robert Abraham was owner and editor of the Montreal Gazette briefly in the mid-19th century.. The eldest child of Thomas Abraham and Orpah Clarke, he was born in Penrith in Cumberland, England. At age 26, he took passage from Liverpool to New York and ended up in Montreal in 1834 as the first editor of the Montreal Transcript. Within the decade he was able to purchase the Montreal Gazette from the firm of Armour & Ramsay, and began publishing it daily (till then it had only appeared daily during the summer) on St. Paul Street, one door west of Custom House Square.
His conservative reputation as a journalist came to the attention of the Montreal municipal council when they appointed patriote Toussaint Peltier as Legal counsel to the city in 1844. The council named Abraham to be Peltier’s assistant as a counterbalancing influence, but neglected to inform Peltier who, when he found out, resigned rather than work with someone he considered a militant. Yet Abraham had written an 81-page treatise praising the French form of legal freehold (franc aleu).
Abraham’s interests were broad, and in 1847 the Gazette published an article describing his discovery of fossil trackways (known as “Protichnites”) of ancient freshwater tortoises in a sandstone quarry in Beauharnois near the St. Lawrence River. The discovery attracted the attention of prominent geologist W.E. Logan who credited Abraham for the find in his writings on the topic. Abraham later accompanied Logan on a visit to the site.
In 1848, he sold the Gazette to James Moir Ferres and subsequently became a member of the Bar. He was involved in a controversy over the Free Banking Act in 1850, denouncing it in print along with other conservatives. The following year he married Sarah Seed and lived at 126 St. Antoine Street, but they had no children before he died in 1854. The Canadian Press Association in their 1858 History of Canadian Journalism cites him as one of the “well-known figures in Canadian journalism” at that time.

Abraham, Thomas, 1771-1861

  • Person
  • 1771-1861

Thomas Abraham, born in Seaton, Cumberland in England. He seems to have worked as an accountant and also as a schoolmaster. In 1803 in Penrith, Cumberland, he married Orpah Clarke, who bore him many children, many of whom died in infancy. Thomas outlived his eldest son Robert, who had emigrated to North America where he had a successful journalistic career. Thomas died in Carlisle, having lived in Cumberland all his life.

A.C. Armstrong & Son

  • no 99053865
  • Corporate body
  • active late 1800s

A. C. Armstrong & Son was a New York book publisher active in the late 1800s.

Acland, Eleanor, 1878-1933

  • Person
  • 1878-1933

Eleanor Margaret Acland, née Cropper, was born on February 28, 1878, in Kendal, Cumbria, England.

She was a British Liberal Party politician, suffragist, and novelist. She was educated at St. Leonards School, Scotland. She campaigned vigorously for the parliamentary vote for women and was Vice-President of the South-West Federation of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies from 1910 to 1914. In 1912, she organized local Women's Liberal Associations to pass resolutions in support of the 1912 Conciliation Bill. In 1913, she founded the Liberal Women's Suffrage Union. In 1926, when her husband succeeded to the family baronetcy, she became Lady Acland. She was President of the Exeter Women’s Welfare Association, and of the Exeter and District Society for Equal Citizenship, and campaigned for a maternity and birth control clinic in Exeter, which was eventually established after her death. From 1929 to 1931, Lady Acland served as President of the Women's National Liberal Federation. She was a Liberal candidate for the Exeter division of Devon at the 1931 General Election. She was also an author of several novels, e.g., “In the Straits of Hope” (1904), “Dark Side Out” (1921) and two memoirs about her daughters, “The Story of a Joyful Life” (1925) and “Goodbye for the Present” (1935).

In 1905, she married Sir Francis Edward Dyke Acland (1874-1939). She died on December 12, 1933, in Exeter, Devon, England.

Acland, Henry W. (Henry Wentworth), 1815-1900

  • n 84805039
  • Person
  • 1815-1900

Sir Henry Wentworth Dyke Acland, 1st Baronet, was born on August 23, 1815, in Killerton, England.

He was an English physician and educator. He studied at Harrow and at Christ Church, Oxford and was elected Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1840. He then studied medicine in London and Edinburgh. Returning to Oxford, he was appointed Lee's reader in anatomy at Christ Church in 1845 and was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1847. In 1851, he was appointed Radcliffe librarian and physician to the Radcliffe Infirmary. In 1858, he became Regius Professor of Medicine, a post which he retained till 1894. He took a leading part in the revival of the Oxford Medical School. He served on the Royal Commission on sanitary laws in England and Wales in 1869 and published a study of the outbreak of cholera at Oxford in 1854, together with various pamphlets on sanitary matters. He was also a curator of the university galleries and of the Bodleian Library.

In 1846, he married Sarah Cotton. He died on October 16, 1900, in Oxford, England.

Acquaviva, Claudio, 1543-1615

  • Person
  • 1543-1615

Acquaviva was a Jesuit Catholic priest born in Rome who served as the Superior General of the Society of Jesus from 1581 to 1615.

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